Who was Kempelen?
Wolfgang von Kempelen (1743 – 1804) was born in Bratislava. He was an important polyhistor, polyglot, inventor, artist, playwright but also an illusionist. Today we would say that he was a great innovator. Some of his best-known inventions can be described as a breakthrough in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence: a chess machine and a speaking machine. He is also referred to as Bratislava’s Da Vinci.